考研英语作文九宫格

九宫格:

开头段(一)话题引起(二)图画描述(三)图画总结(合)
中间段(四)具体意义(意义引出)(五)意义论证(六)意义总结(强调或升华)
结尾段(七)归纳评论(八)建议措施(九)憧憬未来(合)

开头段:描述图画

1.话题引起:开篇点题

  1. The past several years have witnessed a social phenomenon that …
    • several years: decades, centuries, months …
    • social phenomenon: common social phenomenon, not uncommon social phenomenon …
  2. There is a growing national awareness of …
    • 正面话题:There is a growing national awareness of the importance of …
    • 中立话题:There is a growing national awareness of the importance and detriment/ the pros and cons of …
    • 负面话题:There is a growing national awareness of the detriment of …
    • growing: increasing, mounting, expanding …
    • national: worldwide, global …
    • awareness: consciousness, concern …
  3. In no country other than …, it has been said, is the problem of …(主题词) more serious.
    • country: place, area …
    • serious: (负面话题) severe, negative, adverse …; (正面话题) exciting, positive, favorable…
  4. Almost no one in China can fail to notice the phenomenon that …
    • notice: pay attention to …
    • phenomenon: situation, issue …
  5. Recently, it often hits the headlines of the newspaper that …, which has aroused a heated discussion among the public.
    • recently: in recent years …
    • newspaper: magazine, journal, periodical …
    • arouse: provoke, awaken, cause …
    • heated: wide, deep, intense …
  6. These days, there is a hot topic among the general public concerning …
    • these days: recently, in recent years …
    • general public: the public …
    • concerning: regarding, respecting, in/with reference to …
  7. These days, one of the hottest topics arousing general concern is …

2.图画描述

如图所示+基本公式。+(关联词,第二幅图画描述)+文字说明

如图所示:

  1. As is vividly shown in the ridiculous picture, …
  2. It is vividly shown in the picture that …
    • vividly: subtly, symbolically, clearly …
    • shown: described, revealed, portrayed, illustrated …
    • ridiculous: funny, interesting, thought-provoking, eye-catching …

图画描述公式:地点+adv.+动作+adj.+核心事物, doing something (表伴随状态), with +adj+非核心事物名词(表周围环境和细节)。

例:In the sunshine graciously stands a pretty American girl in traditional Chinese costume, wearing necklace and the like, with a sweet smile on her face.

如果是两幅图或多幅图怎么办?

1.找两图关系 2.对应关联词 3.分别描述图画,用衔接词连接几幅图。

关联词的使用取决于两幅图之间的关系:

  • 主题相同:similarly, likewise, furthermore, moreover …
  • 主题相反:but, yet, however, on the contrary, by contrast, unfortunately, ironically, regrettably …
  • 通用:meanwhile, and …

例:In the greenhouse stands a delicate flower, growing vigorously, with the shelter protecting it from brush of the storm. Unfortunately, when removed out of the shelter, it cannot withstand the heavy rain and withers quickly, with its leaves falling in the wind.

中文文字说明:解读题目,防止偏题,直译或意译题目。

  1. 直译:
    1. The caption reads, “…”.
    2. Just as the caption indicates, …
    3. The subtitle reads/indicates, …
    例:The caption reads, “Love is like a lamp which is brighter in darker places.”
  2. 意译:对图中文字说明的意思的抽象概括(找中心意思即可)。
    1. We are informed that …
    2. When reviewing the subtitle, one cannot help wondering …
    3. Hence, the picture connotes a major theme of …(主题词) /that …(主题句子)
    例:When reviewing the subtitle, one cannot help wondering whether the Internet has brought us farther or nearer.
  3. 题目:图画中的文字只是一个小标题,翻译单词即可。
    1. The subtitle reads/indicates, “…”.
    2. Below the drawing, there is a topic which says, “…”.
    例:Below the drawing, there is a topic which says, “‘After’ the Traveling”.

3.图画总结:承上启下

  1. Simple as the picture is, the symbolic of it is as deep as the ocean.
  2. Ridiculous as it is, what the caricature conveys to us is thought-provoking.
  3. The author’s real purpose is not the picture itself, but to lead us to find what hides behind the picture.
    • author: painter, portraitist …
    • real purpose: true meaning …
  4. What is depicted in the picture seems exaggerated, which has attracted extensive attention of society.
    • exaggerated: abstract, ridiculous …
  5. But is this what the author tried to tell us? Certainly not.
    • try to tell us: convey to us …
    • certainly: of course, definitely, apparently …

中间段:阐释意义

4.具体意义

  1. Undoubtedly, the purpose of the drawing is to show us that due attention should be paid to …
    • undoubtedly: without a doubt …
    • due attention should be paid to: … attract our attention to …
  2. Apparently, the drawing symbolically reveals a common social phenomenon in our daily life: …
    • apparently: conspicuously, obviously, without a doubt …
    • reveal: illustrate, show, emphasize, convey a message, send a message …
    • common: not uncommon …
    • phenomenon: status quo …
  3. The metaphorical and impressive picture has subtly revealed the relationship between … and …
    • metaphorical: exaggerative, ridiculous …
    • subtly: symbolically, clearly, vividly …
    • reveal: illustrate, demonstrate …
  4. This picture illustrates the true meaning of …, by stressing the fact that … is a kind of mental strength, which can support us no matter how hard the world around us becomes.
    • illustrate: demonstrate, reflect …
    • stress: emphasis, underline, underscore, highlight …
    • mental strength: spiritual strength, physical strength …
    • hard: dark, indifferent …
    • world: society, neighborhood, interpersonal communication …
  5. Actually, the author strives to send out an abundantly clear message that … is of extreme detriment to one’s success.
    • send out: convey, deliver, express …
    • abundantly: richly, plentifully, extremely …
    • clear: apparent, obvious …
    • of extreme detriment: of supreme importance …
  6. What lies behind the picture or “buried” in …(图中核心事物) is clear: … is not only necessary but indispensable as well. /… is not only harmful but damaging as well. / the importance of … coexists with the detriment of that.
    • lies behind: hide behind …
    • picture: graph, chart, table …
    • statistic: data …
    • detriment: harm, loss, damage, disadvantage, drawback, flaw, con …
    • importance: significance, benefit, advantage, merit, pro …
    • clear: apparent, obvious, evidence, conspicuous …
  7. It goes without saying that its symbolic message that/of … has gone beyond the picture itself.
    • it goes without saying that: there is no denying that …
    • symbolic: implied, abstract …

5.意义阐释

方法一:定义和解释

方法二:联系社会实际

方法三:举例和调查

方法四:原因和后果

方法五:对立观点分析

6.意义总结

  1. How can we, not being that person, know the happiness of him/her?
  2. Were there no such thing, never would we taste the happiness of life.
  3. Were the situation to continue, we would pay a heavy price.
  4. Were there no such thing, never can we feel the happiness of life. Yet, were the negative impact of this situation to continue, we would pay a heavy price.
  5. Without …, how could it be possible for … to achieve their ultimate goal?

结尾段:个人评论

7.评价归纳

  1. In view of every aspect of this (positive/negative) phenomenon, we should bear in mind that …
  2. The situation being so serious, it is high time that we took measures to solve the problem.
    • situation: issue, matter, phenomenon …
    • serious: severe, acute, grave, terrible, awful, dire …
    • measure: (effective and efficient) + action, method, step …
  3. If used carelessly or without restraint, … could prove to be a double-edged sword.
    • prove to be: turn out to be …
  4. For my part, whether the ultimate effect of … is good or not, one thing is certain that … in itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to society.
  5. When considering opinions of both sides, I am inclined to be in favor of the former/latter one.
  6. On the basis of the factors mentioned above, we may draw a conclusion that …
    • on the basis of: based on, take into account …
    • mentioned above: have just outlined …
    • draw a conclusion: conclude, come to a conclusion, reach a conclusion, arrive at a conclusion …
  7. To …, in my opinion, it calls for the efforts from all sides.
    • in my opinion: in my mind, in my eyes, in my way of thinking, from my personal perspective, from my point of view, as far as I can see …
    • call for: appeal to, call on …
    • effort: endeavor, measure, step, action …
    • all sides: all levels …

8.建议措施

统一做法:扬长避短

  1. In terms of …, we should take advantage of the fruits and avoid the opposite facet.
  2. We should, therefore, as the common saying goes, “absorb the essence and neglect the drawbacks”.
  3. What we should do is to encourage the strengths and diminish the weakness.

不同主体不同做法:媒体、政府、个人

  1. The mass media, such as radio, television and the Internet, should make every effort to propagate and advocate the positive thing/ reveal and prevent the negative thing.
  2. We must promote and popularize … among the public from every detail in our daily life.
  3. The government has the responsibility to educate every citizen to …
  4. Laws and regulations should be worked out and enforced to …
  5. Laws must be passed to prohibit factories/people from …
  6. As for ourselves, we ought to take practical actions to …
  7. The public should enhance the consciousness of …
  8. The cultivation of … depends on the active participation of every citizen of our society.

9.憧憬未来

解决问题

  1. With these measures taken, it is reasonable for us to believe that the problem will be solved in the near future.
  2. With appropriate laws and alert public, it will only be a matter of time before the problem becomes a thing of the past.
  3. Only through the efforts of both the government and the individuals can we curb the current undedirable phenomenon and build up a more harmonious society.
  4. If all the solutions are put into practice, the prospect will become more desirable.

憧憬未来

  1. It is reasonable for us to believe that we can get more achievements through the joint efforts of all of us.
  2. Only with these measures can we enjoy a better life.
  3. Only in this way can we make our world more colorful and vigorous.
  4. Looking further ahead, we can say with full confidence/certainty that it is reasonable for us to expect a saner society.
  5. Through/By waiting and hoping, we will be able to achieve out ultimate goal.
  6. I believe a happy and bright future is awaiting us if we can …
  7. Just imagine how great the world would be if only we …
  8. People in the society will develop a forward-looking attitude and make their life worth living and the world more beautiful as well.
  9. Only by the joint efforts of the whole society can we create a real conservation-minded society.

关联词

  • 表示列举或次序: first, firstly, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, for one thing; second, secondly, in the second place, for another; finally, last but not least …
  • 表示递进:besides, plus, moreover, furthermore, in addition, additionally, more important, most important …
  • 表示举例:for example,for instance, as an example, as an illustration, to illustrate, such as …
  • 表示对比:similarly, likewise, in the same way, equality important; on the contrary, conversely, in contrast, by contrast, on the other hand, otherwise, whereas …
  • 表示让步:though/although, even though, in spite of (介), despite (介), it is true that, admittedly …
  • 表示转折:but, yet, however, nevertheless, instead …
  • 表示原因:because, as, since, for, because of (介), owing to(介), due to (介), on account of (介), as a result of (介) …
  • 表示结果:so, thus, consequently, hence, therefore, accordingly, as a result, as a consequence, on that account …
  • 表示强调:in fact, actually, indeed, certainly, chiefly, especially, particularly …
  • 表示总结:in conclusion, in short, in brief, in summary, on the whole, to sum up, to conclude …

作者: 公子小白

SOS团团员,非外星人、未来人、超能力者。。。

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